LEST Zambians forget what we have said before. narcissism is a real personality disorder that Zambians must begin to understand, because it is increasingly becoming manifest and poses a very grave danger of poisoning the nation.
Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD), according to experts, “is a personality disorder in which a person is excessively preoccupied with personal adequacy, power, prestige and vanity, mentally unable to see the destructive damage they are causing to themselves and to others in the process. Historically it was called megalomania, and is a form of severe egocentrism”.
People who are diagnosed with a narcissistic personality disorder are characterized by exaggerated feelings of self-importance. They have a sense of entitlement and demonstrate grandiosity in their beliefs and behaviour. They have a strong need for admiration, but lack feelings of empathy.
Empathy is defined as a person’s ability to recognize, feel, and share the emotions of another person. It involves, first, seeing the other’s condition or situation from her/his perspective; and, second, sharing her/his emotions, and, in some cases, also her/his distress. Empathy is often confused with pity, sympathy, and compassion, which are all reactions to the plight of others.
These are hard-hearted sociopaths, with a bloated sense of self-importance. They display arrogance, show superiority, and seek power
This is a disorder “characterized by a long-standing pattern of grandiosity, an overwhelming need for admiration, and usually a complete lack of empathy toward others.
People with this disorder often believe they are of primary importance in everybody’s life or to anyone they meet and, according to medical literature, people with narcissistic personality disorder often display snobbish, disdainful, or patronizing attitudes.
In order for a person to be diagnosed with narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) they must, according to experts, meet five or more of the following symptoms that include:
Regularly show arrogant, haughty behaviours or attitudes, Has a grandiose sense of self-importance is preoccupied with fantasies of unlimited success, power or brilliance, is often envious of others or believes that others are envious of him or her, believes that he or she is “special” and unique and can only be understood by, or should associate with, other special or high-status people (or institutions); has a very strong sense of entitlement, e.g., unreasonable expectations of especially favourable treatment or automatic compliance with his or her expectations; is exploitative of others, e.g., takes advantage of others to achieve his or her own ends and more importantly lacks empathy, e.g., is unwilling to recognize or identify with the feelings and needs of others.
Pathological narcissism can develop from impairment in the quality of the person’s relationship with their primary caregivers, usually their parents, in that the parents could not form a healthy and empathic attachment to them. This results in the child’s perception of himself/herself as unimportant and unconnected to others. The child typically comes to believe they have some personality defect that makes them unvalued and unwanted.
It is very important for Zambians to understand the psychological framework of those who wish to set the agenda for the nation. They should not be allowed to mislead and direct the nation to destruction.